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Journal of Palestine Studies;
This analysis of the Middle East peace process argues that the application of conventional Western conflict resolution mechanisms has attempted to remove the justice principle from the Arab-Israeli conflict. THe author contends that the shift from a "closed agenda" determined by core values to an "open agenda" where everything is open for bargaining, and from a justice-driven "entitlement-benefits" matrix to a utility-driven "cost-benefits" one, can only lead to issue transformation and the progressive scaling back of goals. Acceptance of the adversary's framework has reduced Arab negotiators to supplicants rather than counterparts whose perceptions can be managed by the opponent. After examining Arab options, the author concludes that whatever settlement emerges from the current process is bound to fail because it cannot fulfill basic demands for justice, resulting in a redefinition of the conflict in its broader religious and strategic horizons.
Foundations for Peace Network;
This short publication, Ten years of Peacebuilding Work in Conflict Regions: Reflections of Foundations for Peace Network Members, is a sister publication to our policy publication Laying the Foundations for Peace: a Policy Contribution 2016, and both will be launched during our conference in the European Foundation Centre (EFC) Philanthropy House, Brussels, in November 2016, to mark our 10th anniversary. A snapshot of the combined experiences and reflections of the members of the FFP (Foundations for Peace) Network is presented in this publication. The member foundations are indigenous to, and proactively working in, societies that have been deeply impacted by violent conflict and communal division. All are deeply committed to the empowerment of local communities to develop sustainable peacebuilding and conflict resolution solutions to local conflict.
Philanthropy for Social Justice and Peace;
The Social Change Initiative, Belfast and the Working Group on Philanthropy for Social Justice and Peace have released a new resource Funding In Conflict-Affected Environment. Authored by Avila Kilmurray, the resource serves as a guide that addresses the question - how can independent philanthropy fund activities and initiatives in conflict-affected areas in order to promote and support peacebuilding? A core objective of this study is to highlight the positive contribution that independent grantmaking trusts and foundations can make to peacebuilding. Evidence shows that they do make a positive contribution, although many are still wary of working in situations of violent conflict-fearing that interventions can have negative as well as positive consequences. It is with this in mind that the study looks at the importance of conflict sensitivity for independent donors, in addition to detailing how donors can support peacebuilding through different stages of conflict and peace processes.
This study is made up of five sections: 1) Understanding the context – do no harm, 2) supporting peacebuilding and positive change 3) crafting the grant portfolio 4) how do we know that we are contributing to 4) positive change? 5) summary notes.
It is accompanied by a 16-page summary guide Conflict-Affected Environments: Notes For Grantmakers drawn from the bigger study. The guide presents the nuts and bolts of grantmaking for peacebuilding work: http://www.psjp.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Funding-in-Conflict-Summary-Report.pdf
Discusses efforts to strengthen the capacity of existing institutions in the field of conflict resolution, new ways of handling disputes outside formal legal systems, and proposed systematic reforms.
Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict;
Examines the principal causes of deadly ethnic, nationalist, and religious conflicts within and between states and the circumstances that foster or deter their outbreak. Seeks to identify ways to prevent mass violence.
Institute for Economics & Peace;
This is the eighth edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI), which ranks nations according to their level of peace. The Index is composed of 22 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources and ranks 162 independent states, covering 99.6 percent of the world's population. The index gauges global peace using three broad themes: the level of safety and security in society; the extent of domestic or international conflict; and the degree of militarisation.
In addition to presenting the findings from the 2014 GPI and its seven-year trend analysis, this year's report includes an updated analysis of the economic impact of violence as well as a detailed assessment of country risk using risk models developed by IEP based on its unique datasets.
To mark the fifteenth anniversary of the adoption of resolution 1325 (2000), the Security Council adopted resolution 2122 (2013) inviting the Secretary-General to conduct a review with regard to the implementation of resolution 1325. The review was to identify the gaps and challenges, as well as emerging trends and priorities for action. It requested the SecretaryGeneral to thereafter submit a report based on the findings of this review to the Security Council in October 2015. The Secretary-General requested Radhika Coomaraswamy to be the lead author of the study on the recommendation of the United Nations Standing Committee on Women, Peace and Security. UN Women was requested to be the secretariat of the study. A High-Level Advisory Group was constituted from all regions of the world to assist Ms. Coomaraswamy
Innovations in Civic Participation;
Youth service is a strategy whose promise is demonstrated in programs throughout the world, addressing unemployment, promoting democracy, or strengthening bonds within and between communities. In post-conflict settings, where many youth and their communities face a loss of social and human capital, sporadic violence, inter-group hostility, and shattered infrastructure, well-designed and context-sensitive youth service programs have enormous potential to mitigate these impacts. Service as a Strategy presents the latest research on post-conflict youth programs alongside case studies from around the world and from a variety of different kinds of conflicts. These case studies present different ways civic service programs help to deal with the results of conflict, as well as to prevent future conflicts, from re-integrating child soldiers in Sierra Leone to meeting educational needs in rural Cambodia to fighting unemployment in Bosnia. Youth are often disproportionately affected by conflict, losing opportunities in education and vocational training, suffering high levels of unemployment, and being disenfranchised from civil and political life. Service as a Strategy proposes that actively involving youth does more than just meet the needs of young adults -- it can strengthen the whole community.
SDG Philanthropy Platform;
The causes and consequences of Colombia's conflict have created a vicious cycle of economic inequality, weak institutional capacity, and the presence of illegal economies. This report argues that philanthropy can become a key player in the transition towards peace building, and in creating the conditions needed for sustainable peace by acting as a catalyst for innovation and collective action in Colombia. The report also provides concrete recommendations and ways forward for local and international philanthropic organizations to support Colombia's transition towards peace.
This is a manual on conflict transformation and the role different agancies and individuals can play in the same
International Crisis Group;
The Democratic Republic of Congo's strides toward peace could prove short-lived if the government and donors do not increase efforts to create a transparent and accountable government. State institutions such as parliament, courts, the army and the civil service remain weak and corrupt. The national elections scheduled for 30 July 2006 risk creating a large class of disenfranchised politicians and former warlords tempted to take advantage of state weakness and launch new insurgencies. Donors must initiate new programs in support of good governance that include more funding to strengthen state institutions (in particular parliament and the various auditing bodies), as well as apply more political pressure to make sure reforms are implemented. Access this report in French at http://www.crisisgroup.org/home/index.cfm?id=4276&l=2.
Center for American Progress;
Examines how climate change affects the number of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa traveling through Nigeria, Niger, Algeria, and Morocco; increased security risks in the region; how these factors exacerbate one another; and intercontinental implications.