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Citizen's Committee for Children of New York;
Citizens' Committee for Children of New York (CCC) has worked over the last year to gather quantitative and qualitative data about the North Shore of Staten Island to provide a comprehensive assessment of the needs of children and families in the area, as well as the resources available to them. CCC's model for community-based research utilizes existing government data on child and family well-being and complements it by mapping community assets and elevating the voices of service providers and community members through a participatory research process. This work builds on our experience maintaining the nation's most comprehensive municipal-level database illustrating the well-being of children and families in New York City, Keeping Track Online.
In this report, we highlight both welcomed and worrisome trends districtwide and across the seven neighborhoods that make up the North Shore—Grymes Hill-Park Hill, Mariner's Harbor, Port Richmond, Stapleton, St. George-New Brighton, West Brighton, and Westerleigh—and compare these outcomes against borough and citywide averages.
In order to address the challenges faced by children and families on the North Shore—and in Staten Island broadly—residents and service providers have come together to engage in efforts to improve outcomes across the range of issues impacting child and family well-being. This includes several collective impact initiatives, a term describing a systematic approach to collaboration among organizations aligned by a common agenda, shared measurement systems, mutually reinforcing activities, continuous communication, and support from a backbone organization tasked with coordinating the partnership.
CCC's data collection and participatory research process are designed to inform and support efforts in the community to improve well-being for children and families. We believe that reliable data is a foundational element of effective advocacy, and that community engagement elevating the voices and concerns of residents is essential in identifying the challenges that need to be addressed. We are hopeful this report will be a useful tool as residents and service providers continue working to improve outcomes for children and families on the North Shore.
This communications toolkit provides advocates with clear, evidence-based guidance on how to shift public thinking about—and responses to—adolescent substance use.
John Templeton Foundation;
Throughout history and around the world, religious leaders and philosophers have extolled
the virtue of gratitude. Some have even described gratitude as "social glue" that fortifies
relationships—between friends, family, and romantic partners—and serves as the
backbone of human society.
But what exactly is gratitude? Where does it come from? Why do some people seem to be
naturally more grateful than others? And are there ways we can foster more feelings and
expressions of gratitude?
Over the past two decades scientists have made great strides toward understanding the
biological roots of gratitude, the various benefits that accompany gratitude, and the ways
that people can cultivate feelings of gratitude in their day-to-day lives. The studies
comprising this science of gratitude are the subject of this paper.
SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access, and Recovery (SOAR);
SSI/SSDI Outreach, Access, and Recovery (SOAR) helps states and communities increase access to Social Security disability benefits for eligible adults who are experiencing or at risk of homelessness and have a serious mental illness, medical impairment, and/or a co-occurring substance use disorder. Funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the SOAR Technical Assistance (TA) Center develops and provides systems planning, training, and technical assistance to support the implementation of SOAR nationwide.
Sustainable Sanitation Alliance;
Appropriate and adequate sanitation solutions are crucial for the protection of human health in emergencies. In recent years there has been an increasing number of sanitation innovations, appropriate for a variety of humanitarian contexts and a stronger sector focus on the entire sanitation service chain (from the toilet via collection and conveyance to the final treatment and safe disposal and/or reuse).Building on these developments, the Compendium of Sanitation Technologies in Emergencies provides a comprehensive, structured and user-friendly manual and planning guide for sanitation solutions in emergency settings. It compiles a wide range of information on tried and tested technologies in a single document and gives a systematic overview of existing and emerging sanitation technologies.This publication is primarily a capacity building tool and reference book. In addition, it supports and enables decision making by providing the necessary framework for developing a sanitation system design. It gives concise information on key decision criteria for each technology, facilitating the combination of technologies to come up with full sanitation system solutions. Furthermore this compendium prioritises linking the sanitation technology selection with relevant cross-cutting issues, thereby promoting access to safe sanitation for all.
The negative impacts of the opioid epidemic are substantial and increasing rapidly over time. No part of society—including households, governments, and the private sector—is safe from the devastation brought on by this national crisis. The human toll of the combined misuse of prescription opioids, heroin, fentanyl, and related drugs has reached an unthinkable scale, with deaths soaring to more than 53,000 in 2016. Through this analysis of 2016 data, we estimate the magnitude of the economic and quantifiable societal harms and find the potential benefit of preventing opioid overdoses, deaths, and substance use disorders in 2016 would have exceeded $95 billion dollars—and preliminary data for 2017 predict this estimate will increase. This finding calls for substantial increases in funding at all levels—private and public sectors—to prevent opioid misuse and provide treatment for those affected.The potential benefits of eliminating the epidemic are concentrated in productivity gains from saved lives and reductions in substance use, averted health care costs due to fewer overdoses and other health complications, and lower spending on other services currently addressing the burden of opioids like law enforcement and child/family assistance (see Figure 1). These benefits—including savings to governments and increases in economic returns to households and the private sector (see Figure 2)—would accrue to all of society.
In this report, we share what we've learned throughout the country from Native youth themselves about the key issues that matter to them, what's being done to tackle their challenges and barriers to success, and some of the innovative ways they're partnering with their communities to build resilience and leadership.
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health;
The growing crisis of the U.S. opioid epidemic affects all of us, not just those caught in its grip. It is destroying lives, ripping families apart, weakening our communities, and preventing our country from taking full advantage of our greatest resource – our people. We ignore the problem at our peril. We can't afford to lose a single person. There is no single solution to this grave public health threat, but we know where to start. First, we must acknowledge that opioid addiction is a disease that requires comprehensive treatment. Closing the path to addiction means addressing the overprescription of legal opioids and the proliferation of illegal opioids such as heroin and drugs laced with fentanyl. We also have to build the public health response so that families, first responders, and community groups have the support necessary to turn the tide on the epidemic, and in the meantime don't have to bear an impossible economic and emotional burden. This report contains specific, proven recommendations for how to most effectively combat the epidemic – from allowing physicians to more effectively treat those suffering from addiction; to expanding coverage and accessibility of opioid overdose reversal drugs like naloxone; to changing the way that healthcare professionals, employers, and advocates talk about addiction to reduce stigma. These recommendations are a critical map for everyone working to fight the opioid crisis in America. We all have a part to play. At the Clinton Foundation, we have worked since 2012 to help prevent overdose deaths, increase awareness and understanding of the scale of the problem, and frame this as a public health issue. Moving forward, it's up to all of us – leaders from the advocacy, nonprofit, government, and business sectors – to act together. By prioritizing this issue and advancing these recommendations, we can prevent more lives from being lost to this epidemic and ensure a brighter future for all Americans.
Conrad N. Hilton Foundation;
This Conrad N. Hilton Foundation report details a five-year strategy focused on developing and implementing substance use prevention and early intervention services for youth with three primary objectives for prevention and early intervention services: expand education and training; increase access and strengthen implementation; and develop and disseminate knowledge. The Year 3 report's recommendations are designed to galvanize the public, policy-makers, and healthcare systems to comprehensively address substance use at all levels of severity and the range of associated public health consequences.
Know Violence in Childhood;
Children are all too often victims of persistent violence. This need not be the case. Concerted efforts and collective action can end violence in childhood within a single generation. Experiences from across the world provide numerous examples of effective and promising efforts by governments, communities and organizations to prevent violence across the settings where it is experienced by children.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC);
An estimated quarter of a billion people, or around 5 per cent of the global adult population, used drugs at least once in 2015. Even more worrisome is the fact that about 29.5 million of those drug users, or 0.6 per cent of the global adult population, suffer from drug use disorders. This means that their drug use is harmful to the point that they may experience drug dependence and require treatment.
The magnitude of the harm caused by drug use is underlined by the estimated 28 million years of "healthy" life (disability-adjusted life years (DALYs)) lost worldwide in 2015 as a result of premature death and disability caused by drug use.
Of those years lost, 17 million were attributable solely to drug use disorders across all drug types. DALYs attributable to morbidity and mortality resulting from all causes of drug use have increased overall in the past decade.
Yet, with fewer than one in six persons with drug use disorders provided with treatment each year, the availability of and access to science-based services for the treatment of drug use disorders and related conditions remain limited.