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Dans le cadre de la restructuration de la Commission de la Communauté Economique des Etats de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, en vue d'en assurer l'efficacité ; plusieurs recommandations ont été formulées, dont, entre autres, la nécessité de réduire le nombre de postes statutaires dans toutes les Institutions de la Commission.
L'une des Institutions concernées par cette proposition de réduction est la CJC. Il est prévu que le nombre total de juges à la Cour soit réduit de sept (7) à cinq (5).
In a bid to restructure the Commission of the Economic Community of West African States, with a view of ensuring efficiency; several recommendations have been made, including inter alia the need for the reduction of the number of statutory appointed positions across all institutions of the Commission.
One of the institutions affected by this proposed reduction is the ECCJ. It is proposed that the total number of judges at the Court be reduced from the current seven (7), to five (5) judges.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, randomly selected for review under the good governance thematic area. This report documents the findings of a qualitative impact evaluation, carried out in March 2016. The evaluation used process tracing to assess the effectiveness of the regional GROW campaign in West Africa, exploring the effectiveness of the work done by the Campaign and partners to influence the ECOWAP+10 revision process.
The GROW West African Campaign was launched in 2011 working to influence regional level policy processes and practices so that: a) agricultural policies are gender responsive; b) regional agricultural policies recognise the role and importance of small-scale farmers (SSF) and respond to their needs and concerns; c) budget commitments are met and adequate investment in small-scale farming is secured; d) social protection and crises prevention mechanisms are in place; and e) access of SSF to productive resources is secured.
Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.
This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam's Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out in 2015 of Oxfam's humanitarian response to the Ebola crisis in Sierra Leone. The first case in Sierra Leone was declared on 24 May 2014 and by the end of July 2014 the government of Sierra Leone had declared a State of Emergency. This evaluation covers the period from August 2014 until the end of April 2015. Initially the Ebola crisis was viewed as a health emergency requiring responses from medical agencies; there was uncertainty whether Oxfam had the ability to respond to the nature of the emergency as a health crisis. Once this was resolved, Oxfam began activities in September 2014 with distributions of consumable materials, Water, Sanitation and Health (WASH) activities in treatment centres and awareness-raising campaigns. The programme scaled up with the Community Health Workers from the end of October 2014. There were no Emergency Food Security and Vulnerable Livelihoods (EFSVL) activities delivered to beneficiaries during the period of this evaluation other than a small cash transfer to quarantined communities. The evaluation therefore mostly covers the Public Health Engineering (PHE) and Public Health Promotion (PHP) interventions, and awareness-raising activities conducted. Humanitarian Indicator Tool (HIT) is a methodology designed to estimate the degree to which the programme meets 15 recognised quality standards via a desk review.
Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.
Le projet EMiLe (Enseignement Multi-Langue) vise à améliorer les résultats d'apprentissage grâce à l'élaboration et à la mise en œuvre d'un programme éducatif multilingue (MLE) permettant, dans un premier temps, aux enfants d'acquérir des aptitudes en lecture, écriture et calcul dans une langue qui leur est familière. Ce programme apprend ensuite aux enfants à appliquer ces aptitudes, concepts et attitudes dans le cadre de leur apprentissage et de leurs activités en utilisant la langue officielle, le français. Cette innovation, actuellement appliquée au niveau micro (complétée par des données comparatives) cause des perturbations dans la mesure où il n'existe actuellement aucun programme similaire au Sénégal ou dans plusieurs pays d'Afrique de l'Ouest.
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF);
Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is a human rights issue that affects girls and women worldwide. As such, its elimination is a global concern. In 2012, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a milestone resolution calling on the international community to intensify efforts to end the practice. More recently, in September 2015, the global community agreed to a new set of development goals -- the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) -- which includes a target under Goal 5 to eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and FGM/C, by the year 2030. Both the resolution and the SDG framework signify the political will of the international community and national partners to work together to accelerate action towards a total, and final, end to the practice in all continents of the world. More and better data are needed to measure progress towards this common goal.
William and Flora Hewlett Foundation;
A committment to assuring that FPRH services are available for all is one of foundation's most enduring philanthropic commitments. It began with Bill Hewlett's early recognition that rapid population growth threatens the well-being of people across the globe. The Foundation's subsequent investments have contributed to the field for three decades.
Awqaf is an important economic sector. Its importance is gleaned from the massive assets it controls, its substantial social expenditure, the large number of people it employs, and its significant contribution to the economy which adds between 10 to 14 per cent to the GDP of some countries.1 With such a significant economic output, and growth in the number, size and diversity of organisations entrusted with awqaf properties, awqaf as a faith-based charitable institution has generated interest beyond philanthropists and Shariah scholars, and the sector is no longer seen as exclusively religious. With a broader business focus, it became clear that the sector is in fact an industry and is being subjected to increased scrutiny by governments and regulatory authorities.
The size of the sector and its growing economic importance qualify it for serious attention by legislators and standards setters of the Islamic financial industry. In order to rejuvenate the institution of waqf and reverse the trend of neglect and to enhance its role in social and economic development, a number of issues must be addressed: How should the regulatory framework operate? Would the regulations help or hinder the development of awqaf and the creation of new waqfs? Is uniformity needed? And how will this help? What is an ideal model for corporate governance? Is that model workable within the parameters imposed by other features of the business and political environment? What about sustainability and profitability and shouldn't awqaf be profitable in order to be sustainable? Do we see a conflict between awqaf as a not-for profit sector and the pursuit of growth and profitability? Is it acceptable to combine awqaf and business? Is this ethical, and how would it affect stakeholders?
The awqaf sector and its management often remain not well understood. While a full answer to these questions is beyond the scope of this paper, there are a number of issues that appear important for our concern. The paper will focus on issues that are relevant for the integration of awqaf into the mainstream of the Islamic financial industry. It will also address matters that are of concern to regulatory authorities, awqaf foundations and to all awqaf stakeholders. For other publications in English and German, see www.maecenata.eu.
L'objectif de cette étude est d'évaluer l'impact du climat d'investissement sur les performances productives du secteur privé dans les pays de la CEDEAO2. La démarche méthodologique consiste à estimer par l'approche des frontières stochastiques les niveaux d'efficacité du secteur privé des 16 pays de l'Afrique de l'Ouest et expliquer les écarts d'efficacité par les variables décrivant le climat des affaires.
Oxfam has come together with civil society organisations across the Sahel to assess how well countries are faring in their commitment to more effectively tackle food insecurity. In February 2012, governments across the Sahel and West Africa adopted a Charter for the Prevention and Management of Food Crises, which laid out key commitments for all actors involved - including national governments, regional organisations, UN agencies, NGOs and civil society. The 2012 food crisis in the Sahel, the fourth time the region has been struck by crisis in just seven years, provided the first critical test of the extent to which the Charter's principles would be upheld. The report provides a snapshot of current performance, as well as a roadmap for reform in the future.
The analysis underlines that, although a number of steps forward have been taken, and in particular the humanitarian response in 2012 was more effective than past responses, there is still substantial room for improvement. The Charter and the report's findings underscore the important role to be played by governments. Yet, all too often, governments are prevented from playing this role as a result of a lack of consistent financial support, inadequate technical capacity and, crucially, insufficient political leadership. As a result, donors and international agencies respond to fill these gaps - playing a vital role in saving lives, but all too often in parallel to efforts by national actors, creating unnecessary duplication and failing to build national capacity for future responses. For an efficient and sustainable improvement in the way in which food crises are managed, a step change in the system of governance will be required.
Seed can play a critical role in increasing agricultural productivity. It is an essential, strategic and an inexpensive input that often determines crop yields and the productivity of all other agricultural inputs.
Center for Global Safe Water, Emory University;
The Center for Global Safe Water at Emory University and UNICEF collaborated to create a capacity-building programme: the WASH in Schools Distance-Learning Course. Case studies by the graduates from 13 countries and one regional office are included in this report.