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Public-private partnerships (PPPs) in education are increasing in profile as countries grapple with serious challenges of educational access and quality—and as donors such as the World Bank turn to this approach as they advise countries on potential solutions to these barriers. Evidence is still limited on the impacts of this policy approach, however, and the academic literature that looks at equity and inclusion raises profound concerns.This study seeks to understand the impact of the PPP initiative in Punjab province, Pakistan, on key dimensions of equity, education quality, and democratic and social accountability. It was conducted over a period of two months, through field visits in a sample of 31 schools across five districts of the province (in both rural and urban/slum areas) and all four programs run by the Punjab Education Foundation (PEF).The study provides an in-depth view of how the sample schools are operating and are incentivized within the framework of the PEF programs, raising serious concerns about equity, quality, and accountability that need to be considered more broadly in the push to expand PPPs.
Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy;
This pioneering research by the Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy sheds light on the patterns, trends, behaviors, and characteristics of individual giving in Pakistan.Not only does this study provide insightful quantitative data, but it also touches on the interesting issue of zakat giving, as well as prescribing strategic recommendations for policymakers and relevant stakeholders to boost individual philanthropy in Pakistan.
Pakistan is highly vulnerable to disasters, but disasters have very different impacts on women, girls, men and boys. Moreover, organizations involved in relief efforts are currently not paying sufficient attention to the needs of women and girls. This analysis by Oxfam identifies the main areas where a gender gap is apparent, and puts forward recommendations for addressing these issues.
The World Citizens Panel (WCP) is an impact measurement methodology developed by Oxfam Novib. It is designed to measure and understand the changes in people’s lives resulting from Oxfam’s projects. The WCP combines quantitative research (impact surveys) with qualitative research (Stories of Change) to give participants in Oxfam Novib’s programmes a voice, to learn how our programmes can be improved, and to contribute to the public debate on the effectiveness of development cooperation.This impact study of the programme in Pakistan was carried out in 2013/2014/2015. About 80 interviewers carried out a total of 4,160 interviews; 14 partners carried out the surveys in their own areas of intervention. The study included a broad set of indicators, covering major dimensions of poverty and injustice. Data collected by partners with the help of a smartphone app was transferred into a central database, managed and analysed by the Oxfam Novib World Citizens Panel team. Based on the outcomes of the impact surveys, it was decided to conduct further qualitative research with Stories of Change on gender-based violence and land rights for women.This report presents the major findings from the analysis of the survey results and Stories of Change.
Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy;
The Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy takes pride in presenting the study on the State of Individual Philanthropy in Pakistan which brings to light not only the volume of individual giving in different forms but also the patterns and motivations of household giving behaviour across four provinces. The study is a pioneer comprehensive exposition of trends of individual giving and its channelization to individuals to meet their immediate needs or to organizations of religious nature to improve the social welfare functions.
The Charter was created as part of a collaborative process to help guide the philanthropic sector's data-related work and instil a data culture. The updated Charter it is soon to be released as a toolkit along with 4 of our Members' Case Studies – to begin with this series, the Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy gives us a framework on the environment of collecting data in Pakistan.
If a large earthquake were to occur off the coast of Pakistan and trigger a tsunami, residents of fishing villages would need to act quickly in order to escape. A tsunami caused by an earthquake in this region in November 1945 claimed hundreds of lives. Most of the fatalities occurred along tidal creeks of the Indus River Delta, where people scarcely felt the original earthquake. Today, many of the villages in the Delta can still only be reached by boat, and telecommunications are limited. These circumstances add to the challenge of alerting local people to the danger of any incoming tsunami.This study, supported by Oxfam GB, underlines the extent of this challenge. It analyses the limitations of early warning dissemination systems in the coastal belt of Pakistan and investigates opportunities for strengthening them. It highlights the vulnerability of coastal communities in the face of natural hazards such as tsunamis and cyclones, due to their isolation, the limitations of communications infrastructure and limited awareness and preparedness of local authorities.
This report presents findings from stories of change and existing scientific literature on family planning in Pakistan. The main objective of this report is to: a) give an overview of the barriers that married Pakistani women and their husbands face in adopting family planning and b) indicate how these barriers can be overcome. The first chapter discusses the risks that Pakistani women and children face when they are not adopting healthy reproductive behaviours and highlights the importance of family planning. The second chapter focuses on the barriers that hamper the adoption of family planning methods among married Pakistani couples. The third chapter highlights important steps that need to be undertaken to tackle barriers and enhance contraceptive uptake and family planning. Suggestions on how to change people's knowledge and attitudes and how to help married Pakistani women and their husbands change their behaviour are presented.The 18 stories of change were collected in Punjab province, Pakistan, in 2015. The scientific literature that was used comprises both studies undertaken in Pakistan and beyond.
The time is long past for Pakistan to wake up to its present predicament and begin a serious reassessment of the fundamental policy challenges it faces. Decades of mistakes and misperceptions have compounded pernicious ideological choices to present Pakistani society with a series of ongoing crises it must address before its basic resilience is overwhelmed: a public sphere dominated by extremists, a crippled economy debilitated by corruption, and a deteriorating regional position. The Century Foundation International Working Group on Pakistan, comprised of a broad and diverse assemblage of American, Pakistani and international figures deeply concerned about the country's future, believes it is time for Pakistan to address these problems vigorously and comprehensively, and for its international partners to assist where they can.
Pakistan's Community-based Disaster Risk Management and Livelihoods Programme sought to reduce loss of life, and asset and promote livelihood resilience in times of extreme natural disasters such as flooding. These full and summary reports document the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation carried out in December 2011 on the work carried out under this programme by two of Oxfam's partner organisations in Muzaffargarh and Rajanpur districts of Pakistan's Punjab Province.
The report presents the findings of an effectiveness review carried out on Oxfam's response to the 2011/12 floods in Pakistan that was undertaken through the application of Oxfam's Humanitarian Indicator Tool. The cumulative score of 19 indicates an overall response partially meeting Oxfam's quality standards. The report provides examples of how learning from the previous flood response were incorporated into the 2011/12 response and how the longer term focus on DRR contributed to effectiveness with good examples linking research and programme experience to influencing strategies.
How can we change the power dynamics that exclude women from decision making? How can the barriers that prevent women from exercising their rights as equals to lead, to propose and to call to account be overcome?Over the past five years, the Raising Her Voice (RHV) programme set out to find practical answers to these questions. In the process, more than 700,000 women in 17 countries have benefitted from the results.This report looks at the experiences of the RHV programme in Pakistan, a complex and sensitive context, where women activists face both great opportunities and immense challenges.Working in partnership with the Aurat Foundation (AF), the RHV programme organized 1,500 women activists, living and working in their communities, into ‘50 Women Leaders Groups’ (WLGs) in 30 districts across Pakistan. The aims of the WLGs were: to promote activism within their communities; to defend and promote women’s rights; to represent marginalized women; and to raise women’s collective voice at local and district levels, as well as, with AF’s support, at the provincial and national level.As the RHV programme draws to a close, the experiences and achievements of the WLGs, with their strong national partnership and focus of community level activism, contain valuable insights for anybody working to promote women’s political participation and leadership in volatile and complex environments.