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Care work is essential for personal wellbeing, a healthy society and a functioning economy. But across the world, it is overwhelmingly done by women, which restricts their opportunities. Policy makers rarely recognize the public responsibility for facilitating unpaid care and domestic work through investments in infrastructure and care services.In 2017, Oxfam's Women's Economic Empowerment and Care (WE-Care) initiative conducted a Household Care Survey (HCS), collecting data in the Philippines, Uganda and Zimbabwe, to inform the design of public policies and local development programmes. The study tests which infrastructure, equipment and other factors influence care-work patterns. It finds that access to improved water sources is associated with reduced hours of care work, and household equipment facilitates men's participation in care. It also finds that heavy workloads related to long hours of unpaid care can impact women's health and well-being. Perceptions of care work, community expectations and fear of sanctions for deviating from social norms play an essential part in maintaining the gendered division of care work.The report presents recommendations for government and private sector decision-makers, development practitioners and researchers in the area of women's economic empowerment on how they can contribute to facilitate the recognition, reduction and redistribution of unpaid care work.
Encourage Capital has worked with support from Bloomberg Philanthropies and The Rockefeller Foundation to develop the first sustainable fisheries public-private partnership (or "PPP") impact investment strategy. The Nexus Blue Strategy (Nexus Blue) is a hypothetical $34.0 million PPP impact investment to improve IUU (illegal, unreported, and unregulated) enforcement and facilitate transparency and information sharing across the supply chains of these high-value products. This investment will pay for the deployment of hard and soft infrastructure to combat IUU fishing and to facilitate transparency and information sharing across the supply chains of high-value fish species. Private capital proceeds will be used to refurbish and operate the General Santos Fish Port Complex (GenSan), the largest tuna port in the Philippines, and invest in data collection and monitoring of the relevant fisheries. Proceeds will pay for hard infrastructure as well as the deployment of IT infrastructure to virtually link the downstream buyers, upstream (on-the-water) harvesters, port market actors, dockside catch accountants, national and regional fisheries authorities, and independent researchers. This "soft" infrastructure will leverage constrained fisheries management and enforcement resources far more effectively by integrating digital capabilities and applying "big data" analytics. By using the analytics and traceability tools common across nearly every other product supply chain, regulators can also harness the power of the market by arming buyers with the knowledge to punish violators while rewarding sustainable practices. Integrated PPP investments of this nature promise to eliminate the long standing information and cost barriers to strong, coordinated, multi-stakeholder fisheries management facing the "highly-migratory pelagic" fisheries of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO). Nexus Blue intends to achieve these objectives by upgrading strategic port infrastructure and post-harvest facilities, installing 2.4 MW in solar PV capacity, and deploying the IT hardware and software to fight IUU fishing while informing better resource management across the 429 vessel fleet actively using the port. Investors would be compensated through the ongoing collection of port fees and rental revenues under a 30-year PPP concession with the Philippine government. These measures will also ensure compliance with EU and U.S. demands for monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS) and chain-of-custody to address the scourge of IUU fishing in the region. The poor, highly-vulnerable nearshore fishers who are directly harmed by the illegal fishing operations that poach fish from their local waters stand to benefit from a share of the $620 million that IUU fishing costs the Philippines alone each year. The Nexus Blue Strategy targets a 15.0% blended IRR and 22.3% equity IRR2 for investors over a 33-year term (including a 3-year construction & implementation period in addition to the 30-year concession.)
Encourage Capital has worked with support from Bloomberg Philanthropies and The Rockefeller Foundation to develop an impact investing strategy supporting the implementation of sustainable fishing practices in a portfolio of small-scale fisheries in the Philippines. The Isda Strategy1 is a hypothetical $11.7 million impact investment to protect and restore small-scale fisheries spanning 80 communities across the Philippine archipelago and at least 20 species. The $11.7 million would fund the implementation of fisheries management improvements across both pelagic and nearshore fisheries, and be used to expand a seafood processing and distribution company producing premium seafood products, sourced from small-scale fishers, for both domestic and export markets. The Isda Strategy has the potential to generate a 20.7% base case equity return, while simultaneously protecting the multispecies stock biomass from current and future overfishing, enhancing the livelihoods of up to 19,000 fishers across 80 fishing communities, and safeguarding the supply of 6.7 million meals-to-market annually.
Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society (CAPS);
In piloting an education model that is sensitive to the experiences of young indigenous peoples in the Philippines, Pamulaan has shown the way for government to scale up.The Pamulaan Center for Indigenous Peoples' Education is a formal, tertiary school providing education for indigenous peoples as a means to build their self-reliance. Departing from mainstream systems of instruction, Pamulaan espouses an education rooted in the life and culture of indigenous peoples. Cultural values and traditions inspire school programs that focus on forming leaders amongst the youth, as well as developing the indigenous peoples' elders. Founded as a unique partnership between non-government organizations (NGOs), academia, and the state, Pamulaan has gone far in its first ten years.
This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam’s Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out in January 2014, of Oxfam’s humanitarian response to Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) between November 2013 and July 2014.Super-typhoon ‘Yolanda’, known internationally as Typhoon Haiyan, made landfall over Guiuan in Eastern Samar in the Philippines in the early morning of 8 November 2013. Oxfam developed its response strategy two days after the first landfall of the typhoon with the total number of target beneficiaries at 500,000 for the first four months. The objectives of the response were to meet the protection of rights and needs of women, girls, men and boys during the humanitarian response by ensuring affected households had immediate food needs met, and supporting the restoration of livelihoods through market support interventions and access to income-generating activities to restore productive assets. The response also projected to give 500,000 disaster-affected people access to safe water and sanitation facilities, and enabled them to protect themselves from public health risks. There was also an advocacy element of access to assistance and protection, so the response contributed to longer-term social and economic development and built disaster resilience.The Humanitarian Indicator Tool (HIT) is a methodology designed to estimate the degree to which the programme meets 13 recognized quality standards via a desk review.Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.
Fish Forever is the first global solution that brings together 30-plus years of Rare's experience in community empowerment, social marketing and behavior adoption with the technical, policy and financial skills needed to secure lasting results for people and nature.This report describes the results of 41 Fish Forever sites, representing over 250 communities across Brazil, Indonesia and the Philippines. It is the first opportunity to analyze the past five years of design (2012–14) and implementation (2014–17). Using a comprehensive monitoring and evaluation protocol, the report synthesizes information from three country learning reports, 2,400 in-water surveys of coral reefs, 15,000 individual and household surveys, and the landing records from nearly 56,000 fishing trips — and represents the work of 70 Rare staff and 80 partner organizations who have committed the time of more than 557 global staff to this project.Ecological and social responses to three years of program implementation are promising, and importantly, results from the data infer that Fish Forever is working:* Ecologically, fish are recovering — fish biomass is increasing, both inside and outside no-take reserves;* Socially, communities are empowered — social resilience, pride and livelihoods are improving;* 51 legal and functional management bodies were established across the 41 sites;* 63 managed access areas were built or strengthened, encompassing nearly 600,000 hectares of coastal waters with 27,000 hectares secured in fully protected reserves; and* Strengthened policies and governance provide a clear path to scale.The initial implementation period has been an enormously valuable learning experience for Rare and our partners. This report is an opportunity to reflect on Fish Forever's impact and consider our work in the coming years.
Typhoon Haiyan -- one of the most powerful on record -- made landfall on November 8, 2013 - with sustained winds of 150 mph, killing more than 6,000 people and leaving a path of destruction across the island nation. An estimated 2,000 health facilities were damaged or destroyed by the fierce winds and flooding, forcing scores of health centers to cease operations or scale back services.AmeriCares had a team on the ground within 72 hours, assessing needs and coordinating aid deliveries. Partner organizations were able to immediately access AmeriCares relief supplies pre-positioned in the country. To date, AmeriCares has delivered 63 aid shipments containing $19.7 million in medicines and supplies for survivors. The medicines from AmeriCares -- enough to fill nearly 1 million prescriptions -- helped to restock empty shelves at 44 health care facilities throughout the country and supply mobile medical teams treating survivors.This report serves as a progress update on AmeriCares work in the Philippines.
The focus of this paper is on the governance of small-scale or municipal fisheries in the Philippines in light of the critical role they play in the livelihoods of coastal communities and in the nation as a whole. The information and insights presented in this lessons learned brief derive from the project entitled Strengthening Governance and Sustainability of Small-Scale Fisheries Management in the Philippines: An Ecosystem Approach. The project was funded principally by the Department of Agriculture's Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR), and implemented from 2008 to 2011 by WorldFish in collaboration with the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and selected partners. The underlying project's goal was to 'strengthen governance and sustainability of small-scale fisheries management in the Philippines.' There were a variety of objectives spread across two project phases but the primary objectives relevant to this brief include: (1) identifying issues at project sites and assessing potential for an ecosystem based approach to fisheries management, and (2) assessing current fisheries management practices at different levels of governance and identifying best practices. The purposes of this paper are twofold. First, it aims to provide brief highlights of the project findings; second, it aims to present the lessons learned in project implementation covering substantive sectoral concerns as well as methodological issues. It wraps up with some strategic directions that need to be undertaken to reverse the deteriorating conditions of small-scale fisheries (SSF) while at the same time promoting their sustainable development.
The 'Community-Based Coastal Resource Management (CBCRM) and Small Fishers' Rights to Livelihood Project' in the Philippines aims to: support coastal resource management in 150 fishing communities; strengthen sustainable livelihoods by establishing income-generating activities and enterprises and promoting marketing linkages; promote municipal fishing in 150 coastal communities; promote greater accountability of the state and pro-poor policies; and promote gender equity. This final evaluation covers the project implementation period from May 2004 to December 2006. It aims to provide an objective validation/affirmation of project outcomes, a qualitative assessment of project accomplishments against intended outcomes, and insights and lessons that will enhance and reinforce Oxfam GB's country strategic plan.
The Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihood Assets of the Manobo Tribe through Improved and Strengthened Self-governance of the Ancestral Territory programme is being implemented by Oxfam's partner organisation, Paglilingkod Batas Pangkapatiran Foundation Incorporated (PBPF). The project aims is to improve household food security and empower women among a group of indigenous peoples that reside in a mountainous area that make up the Manobo-Mamanua Ancestral Domain. These full and summary reports document the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation of this project carried out in March 2011.
This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15, selected for review under the livelihoods thematic area. This report documents the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation carried out in January 2015 that sought to assess the impact of the activities of the 'scaling up sustainable livelihoods in Mindanao' project.The project was implemented from 2011 to 2013 in three provinces of Mindanao by four different partner organizations: Paglilingkod Batas Pangkapatiran Foundation (PBPF); Kasanyangan Rural Development Foundation Inc. (KRDFI); Rural Development Institute of Sultan Kundarat (RDISK); and Integrated Conservation Solutions - Asia (ICS-Asia). The overall objective of the project was to widen livelihood options in small-scale agriculture for rural women and men in order to achieve food security and sustainable incomes.For more information, the data for this effectiveness review is available through the UK Data Service. Read more about the Oxfam Effectiveness Reviews.
The Cash Learning Partnership;
Over the last five years there has been a growing trend towards the use of cash transfer programming (CTP) as a response modality in emergencies across the humanitarian sector. The fungibility of cash, when provided without restrictions, offers increased choice for affected populations to meet cross-sectoral needs according to their priorities. As a result, there is a growing interest in the mainstreaming of cash transfers in response, recovery and rehabilitation, and in the potential of so called multi-purpose cash grants within some international non-government organisations and donors. The effective and appropriate use of CTP requires strong intra and inter-agency coordination and communication between various actors across sectoral divisions, which poses particular challenges as well as opportunities for aid coordination efforts.The Cash Learning Partnership (CaLP) and UNHCR commissioned this review in order to document lessons learnt on the effectiveness of cash coordination during the initial three to four months of the response to Typhoon Haiyan, and to provide recommendations on inter-agency and cross-sectoral coordination.