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Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET);
The use of social media platforms and chat applications in Asia has grown exponentially in recent years. Throughout the 2010s, violent extremists (VEs) in different parts of the continent exploited this growing access to audiences, disseminating their divisive messages broadly, while targeting individuals in fringe online groups. Technology companies and governments eventually imposed relatively effective measures to moderate overtly terrorist content, remove accounts and limit reach. However, the dynamics of broader communication on platforms that reward contentious engagement is continuing to inflame domestic political polarisation and societal division.Indonesia, the Philippines, Myanmar, and India are four Asian nations with unique but comparable experiences regarding the impact of online communications on social fault lines, extremism and violence. This report outlines and analyses these respective contexts.
Migration Policy Institute;
Outlines the Philippine government's management of large-scale, systematic migrations of temporary workers abroad and its efforts to set standards and to ensure compliance. Discusses its limitations and the need to improve domestic development outcomes.
Asian Development Bank;
This is the Philippines case study of Investing in Ourselves - Giving and Fund Raising in Asia, which had its origin in the International Conference on Supporting the Nonprofit Sector in Asia, sponsored by the Asia Pacific Philanthropy Consortium (APPC) in January 1998.
Save the Children;
Typhoon Haiyan, known locally in the Philippines as Typhoon Yolanda, was the deadliest rapid-onset disaster globally in 2013. Nearly 6 million children have been affected, 4.1 million people remain displaced and over 6,000 people lost their lives. Three months since Typhoon Haiyan made landfall will be marked on 8 February 2014. Already many families have started to return home, businesses are reopening and communities are picking up the pieces. Save the Children is working with communities, families and children to provide health, nutrition, shelter, water, sanitation and hygiene, education, child protection and livelihood assistance. As part of this, save the children has consulted with children about how well they think aid agencies have provided assistance to date, and on their hopes for the future.
The focus of this paper is on the governance of small-scale or municipal fisheries in the Philippines in light of the critical role they play in the livelihoods of coastal communities and in the nation as a whole. The information and insights presented in this lessons learned brief derive from the project entitled Strengthening Governance and Sustainability of Small-Scale Fisheries Management in the Philippines: An Ecosystem Approach. The project was funded principally by the Department of Agriculture's Bureau of Agricultural Research (DA-BAR), and implemented from 2008 to 2011 by WorldFish in collaboration with the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and selected partners. The underlying project's goal was to 'strengthen governance and sustainability of small-scale fisheries management in the Philippines.' There were a variety of objectives spread across two project phases but the primary objectives relevant to this brief include: (1) identifying issues at project sites and assessing potential for an ecosystem based approach to fisheries management, and (2) assessing current fisheries management practices at different levels of governance and identifying best practices. The purposes of this paper are twofold. First, it aims to provide brief highlights of the project findings; second, it aims to present the lessons learned in project implementation covering substantive sectoral concerns as well as methodological issues. It wraps up with some strategic directions that need to be undertaken to reverse the deteriorating conditions of small-scale fisheries (SSF) while at the same time promoting their sustainable development.
Typhoon Haiyan -- one of the most powerful on record -- made landfall on November 8, 2013 - with sustained winds of 150 mph, killing more than 6,000 people and leaving a path of destruction across the island nation. An estimated 2,000 health facilities were damaged or destroyed by the fierce winds and flooding, forcing scores of health centers to cease operations or scale back services.AmeriCares had a team on the ground within 72 hours, assessing needs and coordinating aid deliveries. Partner organizations were able to immediately access AmeriCares relief supplies pre-positioned in the country. To date, AmeriCares has delivered 63 aid shipments containing $19.7 million in medicines and supplies for survivors. The medicines from AmeriCares -- enough to fill nearly 1 million prescriptions -- helped to restock empty shelves at 44 health care facilities throughout the country and supply mobile medical teams treating survivors.This report serves as a progress update on AmeriCares work in the Philippines.
USC Annenberg Center on Communication Leadership & Policy;
New information and communication technologies (ICTs) have become an integral part of the networks that underpin labor trafficking in the 21st Century. Yet little research exists on the impact of technology in exacerbating or addressing the isolation, fraud, force, and/or coercion so often at the heart of trafficking cases. There is a lack of evidence-based research on any relationship between technology and labor trafficking either within or across national borders. To effectively intervene in labor trafficking, the impact of technology needs to be addressed by policy makers, governments, NGOs, researchers, and the private sector.This research report is the first to investigate the relationship between technology and labor trafficking. The evidence gathered and analyzed in this report is based on public documents, websites, interviews with key stakeholders in the US and internationally, and fieldwork in the Philippines. With little previous research on the topic, this study is inherently exploratory. Thus this report's primary goal is to frame technology's impact on labor trafficking and to establish a set of definitions, theories, terms, themes, recommendations, and principles that can guide future research and policy.
Encourage Capital has worked with support from Bloomberg Philanthropies and The Rockefeller Foundation to develop an impact investing strategy supporting the implementation of sustainable fishing practices in a portfolio of small-scale fisheries in the Philippines. The Isda Strategy1 is a hypothetical $11.7 million impact investment to protect and restore small-scale fisheries spanning 80 communities across the Philippine archipelago and at least 20 species. The $11.7 million would fund the implementation of fisheries management improvements across both pelagic and nearshore fisheries, and be used to expand a seafood processing and distribution company producing premium seafood products, sourced from small-scale fishers, for both domestic and export markets. The Isda Strategy has the potential to generate a 20.7% base case equity return, while simultaneously protecting the multispecies stock biomass from current and future overfishing, enhancing the livelihoods of up to 19,000 fishers across 80 fishing communities, and safeguarding the supply of 6.7 million meals-to-market annually.
Encourage Capital has worked with support from Bloomberg Philanthropies and The Rockefeller Foundation to develop the first sustainable fisheries public-private partnership (or "PPP") impact investment strategy. The Nexus Blue Strategy (Nexus Blue) is a hypothetical $34.0 million PPP impact investment to improve IUU (illegal, unreported, and unregulated) enforcement and facilitate transparency and information sharing across the supply chains of these high-value products. This investment will pay for the deployment of hard and soft infrastructure to combat IUU fishing and to facilitate transparency and information sharing across the supply chains of high-value fish species. Private capital proceeds will be used to refurbish and operate the General Santos Fish Port Complex (GenSan), the largest tuna port in the Philippines, and invest in data collection and monitoring of the relevant fisheries. Proceeds will pay for hard infrastructure as well as the deployment of IT infrastructure to virtually link the downstream buyers, upstream (on-the-water) harvesters, port market actors, dockside catch accountants, national and regional fisheries authorities, and independent researchers. This "soft" infrastructure will leverage constrained fisheries management and enforcement resources far more effectively by integrating digital capabilities and applying "big data" analytics. By using the analytics and traceability tools common across nearly every other product supply chain, regulators can also harness the power of the market by arming buyers with the knowledge to punish violators while rewarding sustainable practices. Integrated PPP investments of this nature promise to eliminate the long standing information and cost barriers to strong, coordinated, multi-stakeholder fisheries management facing the "highly-migratory pelagic" fisheries of the Western and Central Pacific Ocean (WCPO). Nexus Blue intends to achieve these objectives by upgrading strategic port infrastructure and post-harvest facilities, installing 2.4 MW in solar PV capacity, and deploying the IT hardware and software to fight IUU fishing while informing better resource management across the 429 vessel fleet actively using the port. Investors would be compensated through the ongoing collection of port fees and rental revenues under a 30-year PPP concession with the Philippine government. These measures will also ensure compliance with EU and U.S. demands for monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS) and chain-of-custody to address the scourge of IUU fishing in the region. The poor, highly-vulnerable nearshore fishers who are directly harmed by the illegal fishing operations that poach fish from their local waters stand to benefit from a share of the $620 million that IUU fishing costs the Philippines alone each year. The Nexus Blue Strategy targets a 15.0% blended IRR and 22.3% equity IRR2 for investors over a 33-year term (including a 3-year construction & implementation period in addition to the 30-year concession.)
Partnership for Transparency Fund;
This Report details the results and lessons of a decade long (2003-2013) Partnership for Transparency Fund (www.ptfund.org) support to Filipino civil society organizations to fight corruption. It celebrates the successes and reflects on challenges faced as PTF enters a new phase in its partnership. In 2014 PTF established a regional affiliate called PTF Asia as a foundation headquartered in Manila. As efforts worldwide and in the Philippines have evolved during these ten years, the discussion in this Report offers lessons in going forward towards this new phase as well as initiatives beyond the Philippines
The Enhancing Access and Control to Sustainable Livelihood Assets of the Manobo Tribe through Improved and Strengthened Self-governance of the Ancestral Territory programme is being implemented by Oxfam's partner organisation, Paglilingkod Batas Pangkapatiran Foundation Incorporated (PBPF). The project aims is to improve household food security and empower women among a group of indigenous peoples that reside in a mountainous area that make up the Manobo-Mamanua Ancestral Domain. These full and summary reports document the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation of this project carried out in March 2011.
The 'Community-Based Coastal Resource Management (CBCRM) and Small Fishers' Rights to Livelihood Project' in the Philippines aims to: support coastal resource management in 150 fishing communities; strengthen sustainable livelihoods by establishing income-generating activities and enterprises and promoting marketing linkages; promote municipal fishing in 150 coastal communities; promote greater accountability of the state and pro-poor policies; and promote gender equity. This final evaluation covers the project implementation period from May 2004 to December 2006. It aims to provide an objective validation/affirmation of project outcomes, a qualitative assessment of project accomplishments against intended outcomes, and insights and lessons that will enhance and reinforce Oxfam GB's country strategic plan.