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The recent discovery of the Araguaian river dolphin (Inia araguaiaensis) highlights how little we know about the diversity and biology of river dolphins. In this study, we described the acoustic repertoire of this newly discovered species in concert with their behaviour. We analysed frequency contours of 727 signals (sampled at 10 ms temporal resolution). These contours were analyzed using an adaptive resonance theory neural network combined with dynamic time-warping (ARTwarp). Using a critical similarity value of 96%, frequency contours were categorized into 237 sound-types. The most common types were emitted when calves were present suggesting a key role in mother-calf communication. Our findings show that the acoustic repertoire of river dolphins is far from simple. Furthermore, the calls described here are similar in acoustic structure to those produced by social delphinids, such as orcas and pilot whales. Uncovering the context in which these signals are produced may help understand the social structure of this species and contribute to our understanding of the evolution of acoustic communication in whales.
From a collaborative mapping of private social investment initiatives, philanthropy, public calls (notices, challenges etc.) and communication in the fight against Covid-19 carried out in the first 60 days since the confirmation of the first case in Brazil, Ponte a Ponte developed this guidance and systematization guide for these initiatives. The publication seeks to allow social investors, philanthropists, company executives, CSO leaders (civil society organizations), peripheral social and collective movements, as well as intermediary developers in the field to have a macro view of what emerged in the period, as well as suggestions and recommendations for making strategic decisions and tactical-operational guidelines that increase the efficiency and effectiveness of actions and the qualification of social investment as a whole.In addition to the report, also access the database used in the production of the guide: Mapping initiatives against Covid-19.
Brazilian Philanthropy Network for Social Justice (Rede de Filantropia Para a Justica Social);
This paper intends to describe the current scenario of community philanthropy in Brazil and worldwide, by defining concepts and mapping important trends and experiences in the field.This work, which proposes a preliminary approach to the issue, was prepared on the basis of bibliographic and document research, as well as testimonies gathered during interviews held with a number of professionals engaging in philanthropy and private social investment in Brazil. This paper was conceived as an open-ended endeavor, a starting point, which does not purpose to be a complete or finished document, but a kickoff point to a reflection on the practices and experiences surrounding this topic, to contribute to the strengthening of community philanthropy in Brazil.
Grupo de Institutos Fundações e Empresas (GIFE);
O terceiro volume da série "Temas do Investimento Social" aborda o conceito de Filantropia Colaborativa, ou seja, formas de colaboração que têm como pré-requisito a participação de no mínimo dois atores da filantropia com envolvimento de recursos financeiros em pelo menos uma das seguintes esferas: colaboração na mobilização ou colaboração na coordenação, alocação e/ ou gestão de recursos financeiros privados para produção de bem público. A publicação busca, assim, apresentar um panorama sobre o desenvolvimento de novas arquiteturas que permitem e contribuem com o aprofundamento dos modos de ação coletiva e colaborativa no setor, além de debater os limites e desafios e apontar caminhos para um aprofundamento qualificado das formas de colaboração no campo da filantropia e do investimento social.
Movimento por uma Cultura de Doação;
Como promover a cultura de doação no Brasil? Como engajar novos atores e articular este ecossistema para um esforço coletivo por esta causa? Essas são as perguntas que movem o Movimento por uma Cultura de Doação e que inspiraram a criação da Força Tarefa, berço deste Documento de Diretrizes. Após estudos e escutas, foi possível entender o panorama de doação no país e indicar caminhos fundamentais para uma cultura de doação ainda mais forte e qualificada.
Movimento por uma Cultura de Doação;
How to promote the culture of giving in Brazil? How to engage new players and organize an ecosystem towards a collective effort for the cause? These are the questions the members of the Movement for a Culture of Giving (Movimento por uma Cultura de Doação) have asked themselves, and which have inspired the launch of the Task Force that has prepared these Guidelines. As the result of a carefully conducted listening and research process, this document provides indications on the pathways that seem to be key for everyone who wishes to foster a stronger and more qualified culture of giving in Brazil.
Philanthropy for Social Justice and Peace;
Individual giving in India, Russia, the Arab region and Brazil is part of PSJP's Philanthropy Study. Previously the study has focused on producing a series of papers on philanthropy in four emerging market countries/regions – India, Russia, the Arab region and Brazil. These studies have taken a broad view of philanthropy, encompassing everything from individual giving (by the very wealthy and by people of more modest means, including crowdfunding) to giving by private and corporate foundations, CSR, community philanthropy, social justice philanthropy, self-funded movements and impact investing.The current paper looks at individual giving by ordinary people in these countries/ regions in more depth. Seen as an area of great promise in India and Russia, it is at an earlier stage in Brazil. In the Arab region giving to the social sector is barely making headway, though traditional giving is very much alive.
Climate change is expected to impact animals that are heavily reliant on environmental factors, such as sea turtles, since the incubation of their eggs, hatching success and sex ratio are influenced by the environment in which eggs incubate. As climate change progresses it is therefore important to understand how climatic conditions influence their reproductive output and the ramifications to population stability. Here, we examined the influences of five climatic variables (air temperature, accumulated and average precipitation, humidity, solar radiation, and wind speed) at different temporal scales on hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) hatchling production at ten nesting beaches within two regions of Brazil (five nesting beaches in Rio Grande do Norte and five in Bahia). Air temperature and accumulated precipitation were the main climatic drivers of hawksbill hatching success (number of eggs hatched within a nest) across Brazil and in Rio Grande do Norte, while air temperature and average precipitation were the main climatic drivers of hatching success at Bahia. Solar radiation was the main climatic driver of emergence success (number of hatchlings that emerged from total hatched eggs within a nest) at both regions. Warmer temperatures and higher solar radiation had negative effects on hatchling production, while wetter conditions had a positive effect. Conservative and extreme climate scenarios show air temperatures are projected to increase at this site, while precipitation projections vary between scenarios and regions throughout the 21st century. We predicted hatching success of undisturbed nests (no recorded depredation or storm-related impacts) will decrease in Brazil by 2100 as a result of how this population is influenced by local climate. This study shows the determining effects of different climate variables and their combinations on an important and critically endangered marine species.
IIE Center for Academic Mobility Research & Impact;
This study provides insight into global mobility in Brazil's higher education sector. With support from the Australian Government's Department of Education and Training, the IIE Center for Academic Mobility Research examines select indicators of internationalization in Brazilian higher education, including the provision of courses taught in English, virtual learning, and initiatives to support inbound and outbound student flows.The findings can help to expand Brazilian higher education institutions' capacity to gather and report mobility data.
SDG Philanthropy Platform;
The engagement of philanthropy in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is recent. The urgency of greater social impact is one of the points of intersection of the two agendas of work. The report "Philanthropy and the Sustainable Development Goals: Engaging Private Social Investment in the Global Development Agenda" presents a mapping of SDG implementation in Brazil with the support from philanthropy, business and civil society actors.
Environmental and Energy Study Institute;
This fact sheet focuses on employment in the renewable energy and energy efficiency sectors in the United States and around the world. According to the 2019 U.S. Energy Employment Report (USEER), 611,000 people worked in zero-emission technology industries, including renewables and nuclear in the United States. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) recorded even higher renewable energy employment in the United States at 855,000 direct and indirect jobs in 2018. Jobs in energy efficiency experienced significant growth—the sector now employs more than 3 million people in the United States. IRENA reports that, globally, the renewable energy sector employed 11 million people in 2018, 700,000 more than in 2017.
Philanthropy for Social Justice and Peace;
This report on Brazilian philanthropy is part of a larger study by Philanthropy for Social Justice and Peace (PSJP), started in 2016, to review the current state of philanthropy in emerging economies and the role philanthropy is playing in the world today. This is the fourth report from the study, which will eventually form part of the Philanthropy Bridge Series.